Image report SXSW 2016
Images: Nick Helderman
The submissions for Turkey related to both large and small cities, instead of a mono-focus on Istanbul. This distribution of projects over the country makes the proposals interesting and sometimes surprising. A total of 11 applications is a modest harvest of entries, considering the long-standing relationships between the Netherlands and Turkey in the cultural sphere, and the challenges associated with urbanization in Turkey. One possible explanation is that the aim is to achieve collaborations with the local authorities and that is particularly challenging. The composition of the teams and expertise turned out to match only in varying degrees the themes and objectives of the projects, on both the Dutch and Turkish sides. The balance in reciprocity, the relevance of the issue and the approach was good in the selected projects. How collaboration and reciprocity are to be safeguarded and organized in the subsequent course of the projects requires further development for the second phase. The partnerships were the deciding factor for the selection of projects in Turkey.
selected projects Turkey:
• Lüleburgaz Bisiklette Biniyor, cycling for a better city
Artgineering/ Novusens/ Sustainable Solutions
• Toroslar Interactive CityLab
Ekim Tan, Play the City
• PALANGA, Turkish and Dutch Farming Practices Learn from each other
• Izmir Metabolic Cycling Network (IMCN)
Geographically, the applications were very widespread, from Moscow to Siberia and even Svobodny, towards the borders with China and Japan. This is an interesting and positive yield. The level and quality of the applications varied significantly in the 20 submissions for the open call Russia. Several applications focused on ‘mono-towns’. This is the phenomenon of mono-functional cities that in their development – composition of services, economy and inhabitants – specifically focus on a particular industry. In terms of themes, these applications were similar to each other. The differences in approach and method therefore weighed more heavily. Many applications were focused on improving or developing the public space – a development that has recently been utilized in Russian cities. Only a few applications had a distinctive approach to this. One of the reasons for this could be that the same Russian partner, an important player in the development of public space, was often included in the project teams. On the whole, it was noticeable that 2 to 3 Russian partners were frequently mentioned in the applications. A few projects had an extremely good approach with regard to accessing local partners, particularly users, which is one of the greatest challenges in Russia in the area of spatial issues. In general, something that stood out in the budgets was that the hourly rates in Russia are lower in comparison with the rates in the Netherlands. This is a realistic representation and, according to the advisers, it is all the more important to be clear about how the reciprocity has been organized in the collaborative relationship. The approach chosen was decisive when selecting the projects in Russia.
selected projects Russia:
• Prototyping Future Energy with HSE
• LL Tomsk One - Living Laboratory
• The 'Samarsky Yard' - Housing Heritage in the Post-Socialist City
• New Urban Media Centre in Yekaterinburg
The submissions for Egypt varied in their approach and the issue chosen. Many projects focused on Cairo, despite the fact that Egypt is a large country. It is, after all, the city where many things are centralized, including art and culture. Cairo is certainly the perfect place to start working in Egypt and to build up relationships from there. The strongest applications were to be found on the interface between art, culture and heritage. They are small in terms of set-up and implementation, but great in potential impact and for knowledge development and sharing. There are still opportunities and scope for small-scale projects in Egypt. Large-scale, urban design projects require collaboration with the authorities at national or local level and that is extremely difficult, perhaps even unrealistic, considering the time frame of the projects. However, the committee noted that heritage as a main theme was conspicuously absent in the applications. This is however a very relevant topic in the Egyptian context, for both material and immaterial heritage. A positive aspect is that a few projects made this connection and took up a position towards approaching heritage from a designer's perspective. It was noticeable that one particular local partner appeared several times in different applications. Building up relationships between various Dutch and Egyptian parties appears to be necessary. On the Dutch side, the main applicant or other parties involved appeared to be less well-matched with the theme or approach. From the applications, it emerged that the necessary cultural sensitivity (from the Dutch perspective) of the social context was not always present. This is crucial when working together on the basis of reciprocity. Deciding factors for the selection of projects in Egypt were the relevance of the themes and the partnerships entered into for the purpose.
selected projects Egypt:
• Grounded Urban Practices
Non Fiction & Cluster
• Darb el Labana Lab
Bureau LADA & LALA Studio
• Hope for Embaba
• Connecting Deltas
Inspiring approaches to themes and collaborations – ranging from establishment to grassroots – characterized the applications focused on Morocco. There was a good geographical spread: Meknes, Casablanca, Rabat, Tanger in the north and Tiznit in the south. Remarkably enough, no projects focused on Marrakech. In terms of themes, various projects differed significantly in their degree of development. A few projects resembled ‘classic’ architectural projects that lay close to project development. In addition, the social or cultural significance and aim of the project were not always very clear. A balanced distribution of the budgets between the Dutch and Moroccan parties was not the case in all of the applications. In many projects, the requested amount for the first phase was intended in its entirety for the Dutch party, without clear insight into the contribution from the Moroccan side. Either in kind or financially. How the reciprocity is organized in the collaboration was already described in some project proposals, but attention is required for further development. In a number of applications, a Dutch team member with Moroccan roots is involved. The Moroccan diaspora is a valuable connection in building relationships and understanding between the Netherlands and Morocco, but also in creating together and sharing knowledge. Deciding factors for the selection of projects in Morocco were the approach to the collaboration and the type of projects (study + pilot).
selected projects Morocco:
• Affordable Housing Casablanca
• PLAY CITY
Network of Research & Architecture BV and MB Paysage
• Learning from Tiznit
Every open call specifically focused on one of the four countries, but they are all part of a single programme. For this reason the choice was made to put together a special committee, which includes experts per country, who are working in one of the fields of the creative industry and are able to think in an interdisciplinary way. The members of the committee are:
Committee chair: Saskia Ruijsink – senior expert Urban Policy and Planning Institute for Housing and urban development studies (IHS).
Advisor Egypt: Nat Muller – curator, writer and art critic specialized in the Arab world.
Advisor Morocco: Hicham Khalidi – curator Rotterdam Triennale 2020, Lafayette Anticipations - Fondation d'entreprise Galerie Lafayette in Paris, former guest curator Marrakech Biennale.
Advisor Russia: Eva Radionova – landscape architect bureau Novascape, curator and project leader Russian-Dutch projects, guest lecturer at the Academy of Architecture Amsterdam.
Advisor Turkey: Aslı Çiçek – architect and guest professor KU Leuven, works in Brussels and Istanbul.
Generalist advisor: Paula Zijp – project funding coordinator at Triodos Foundation, MSc Cultural Anthropology (Sociocultural Transformation).
The Creative Industries Fund NL is conducting a four-year programme within the policy framework of the International Culture Policy 2017-2020 (objective 2) with funding from the Ministry of Foreign Affairs, entitled ‘Sustainable and inclusive cities through design’. Central to the programme is the role and deployment of design and design thinking to question and provide solutions for rapid urbanization and the corresponding social themes. Cross-disciplinary working with relevant stakeholders in Turkey is encouraged, both within and beyond the design disciplines, where it revolves around providing opportunities for collaboration between Turkey and the Netherlands on an equal footing and strengthening the trust and understanding between the two countries.
Photo above: Grounded Urban Practices, Non Fiction and Cluster
But, Willem Schinkel wonders, is it even possible to make the invisible logistics systems visible, or have they become too all-encompassing? And if so, is it also possible to appropriate these infrastructures? The Port and the Fall of Icarus by Northscapes explores in a speculative way a series of possible future scenarios for the Port of Rotterdam, and hopes to disrupt the system by creating a moment of alienation. Renderlands, a documentary and installation by Liam Young, goes in search of the render farms and animation studios in India that are largely responsible for the visualizations of Western companies, and asked the workers about their own dreamed-of realities, in order to translate them into a physical installation for the Biennale.
The evening was set to music by a contribution from the fifth team, consisting of Noam Toran with Remco de Jong and Florentijn Boddendijk, who have made a contemporary interpretation of early 20th-century working songs with Songs for Hardworking People, which will provide the soundtrack for the Dutch pavilion.
Willem Schinkel ranks among the sceptics: although the projects demonstrate that automation does not lead to the feared disappearance of work, a multiplication of work is in fact generated that leads to inequality and exploitation. But the projects also show that there really are leads for productive appropriation. Because, as Liam Young states, the systems that are responsible for our production are the same systems that connect people all over the world in the most exceptional ways, and in doing so, make new forms of communality possible.
selection Open Call Venice Architecture Biennale #2 and #3
Next to the selection of the extended program of the Dutch pavilion five more projects were selected in the context of the Open Call Architecture Biennale Venice 2018 #2_development budget and the Open Call Architecture Biennale Venice 2018 #3_presentation budget, who provide a physical, spatial contribution to the exploration of the FREESPACE theme during the Venice Architecture Biennale 2018. With the title FREESPACE, general curators of the 16th Venice Architecture Biennale, Yvonne Farrell and Shelley McNamara, address the relation between architecture and society.
next Thursday Night Live!
The 16th edition of the Venice Architecture Biennale will take place from 26 May to 25 November 2018. The Creative Industries Fund and Het Nieuwe Instituut will continue their series of joint events with a reflection on the various explorations of the FREESPACE theme during the Thursday Night Live! on Thursday 5 July 2018.
Text: Sereh Mandias
Photo above: Matthijs Immink
Digitalization was a recurring theme in several presentations. The jewellery designs in the presentation 'Device People' by chp...? jewellery explore the increasing use of smartphones and other devices and the impact this has on our lives. Lidewij Edelkoort and Kiki van Eijk, commissioned by Google, are working on a series of products under the name 'Softwear' where a more sensory experience of hardware plays a central role.
Tijs Gilde Studio combines the theme of digitalization with material research and showed a number of designs at Satellite that originated from studies with stones and pigments. 'Counter digital' reacts to a world that is digitalizing more and more. His response to this situation is contra-digital objects arising from material experiments that surprise and stimulate the senses.
We find the use and reuse of material with Dutch Invertuals, who are showing new adaptations of residual material from the Anthropocene in 'Mutant Matter'. Théophile Blandet has made a cabinet with polluting plastic that the EU will forbid in the future: a product that will be seen as very 'valuable' in the future. Shahar Livne has developed Lithoplast, a mixture of plastics washed ashore, which she processes to produce altar-like bowls and objects.
At Ventura Future, the exhibition Health & Happiness focused entirely on the future of our health and medical care. In the exhibition, designers Johan Viladrich, Nienke Helder, Gerjanne van Gink, Tamara Hoogeweegen, Alissa Rees, Rebekka Evita Strenk and Aurore Brard present projects and designs varying from practical applications for patients to more reflective studies into wellbeing.
Craft and craftsmanship were given attention at the Crafts Council Nederland and Masterly. The Dutch in Milano. The Crafts Council Nederland organized a workshop in their presentation space for Emma Wessels, Gino Anthonisse and Christa van der Meer and Italian designers Sara Ricciardi, Astrid Luglio and Agustina Bottoni. They were given a lesson in the technique of macramé from an Italian master.
Experiment and research were highlighted by Dutch Invertuals, Better Known As, BELéN and the KABK. At the performative presentation Ready, Set, Go! by collective Better Known As, visitors could not only view the work, but also experience the process of creating the image.
Download the brochure here with more information about the 11 presentations in Milan that were supported by the Fund, with a short introduction by art and design theorist Louise Schouwenberg.
Download the brochure about the 11 presentations in Milan here.
Photo's: Ilco Kemmere & Stimuleringsfonds Creatieve Industrie
Less philosophical, but all the more practical for that is the research carried out by Max Peeperkorn into new business models for makers in the creative industry. Peeperkorn observes that makers in the creative sector often still work for very low rates, or even for nothing. In collaboration with Jennifer Kanary Nikolov(a) he aims to bring about a change in this situation – utilizing Blockchain technology – by fixing the value of a creative contribution for a longer period of time. For example, makers who provide creative input to the development of a new product or studio receive a payment from the commissioning client in the intended system in the form of a royalty or dividend in a blockchain. This way, the client can pay the maker for the service provided at a later date, if the product or end result is successful.
Here you can see a complete overview (in Dutch) of all grants awarded in the first round of Digital Culture 2018.
The next deadlines of the Grant Programme for Digital Culture is 9 May and 8 August 2018.
Photo above: Coded Matter(s), FIBER